Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection primarily caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It mainly targets the lungs but can also have effects on other areas of the body.TB is a significant global health concern, with millions of new cases reported each year.

Key Facts about Tuberculosis:

  • Causes:

TB is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It primarily affects the lungs but can also impact the brain, spine, and other organs.

  • Symptoms:

Common symptoms of TB include persistent cough, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. TB can be latent (inactive) or active. Latent TB may not cause symptoms but can become active in the future.

  • Diagnosis:

TB is typically diagnosed through a combination of chest X-rays, sputum tests, and skin tests like the Mantoux test or blood tests.

  • Treatment:

The treatment for TB typically involves a course of antibiotics for a specified duration, usually six to nine months, to ensure complete eradication of the bacteria. The most commonly used drugs include isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. Effective treatment is essential to avoid the emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis.

  • Drug-Resistant TB:

Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) are strains of the bacteria that do not respond to standard antibiotic treatment. Treating drug-resistant TB is more challenging and requires specialized medications.

  • Prevention:

Preventing TB involves a combination of strategies, including vaccination with the BCG vaccine, identifying and treating latent TB, and infection control measures in healthcare settings. Good hygiene practices, proper ventilation, and early diagnosis are crucial.

  • Global Impact:

TB is a global health concern, with a significant burden in low and middle-income countries. Efforts to control and eliminate TB include improved diagnostics, treatment access, and public health programs.

  • Challenges:

Challenges in TB control include drug-resistant strains, stigma associated with the disease, and difficulties in diagnosing and treating individuals with limited access to healthcare services.

It’s important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have TB, as early diagnosis and proper treatment are essential for both your health and preventing the spread of the disease to others.

Any Questions find here.

A pulmonologist is a medical specialist who focuses on diagnosing and treating diseases and conditions related to the respiratory system. You should consult a pulmonologist if you have persistent breathing problems, chronic cough, chest pain, or a lung-related illness.

During your first visit, you can expect a thorough evaluation of your medical history, a physical examination, and potentially additional tests. Our pulmonologist will discuss your symptoms and develop a personalized treatment plan.

Yes, we are accepting new patients. Contact us to schedule an appointment and start your journey to better lung health.

In most cases, a referral is not required to see a pulmonologist. You can schedule an appointment directly with our clinic.

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Dr. Bhatt Chest Center

Hasthinapuram Central, Laxmi Narashima Puram Colony, Hastinapuram, Hyderabad, Telangana - 500 074.

Clinic Timings

Mon - Sat : 6pm to 9pm
Sunday Closed

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